By Nhat Quan
Rejoice is divided into two categories: Rejoice who does evil and rejoice who does good. You rejoice in the person who does evil, and as a result, you receive the karmic retribution for the evil deed. You rejoice in people who do good, and as a result, you receive good rewards. You rejoice with the person who does good, the same blessing as the other person who does good. Those who do evil deeds that you rejoice in, enjoy with them, you have received an evil mind, one day you will do evil like them, and will surely receive the same painful retribution as the person who did evil.
What is considered evil? What is considered karma?
Evil is doing harm, dehumanizing, and harming people but also harming you. Bad karma is created by bad deeds. Rejoice in bad karma can also be said that you have enjoyed the bad karma done by others. If you want to be free from karmic suffering, you must stay away from these types of people, and at the same time must cultivate countless merits. If temporarily the karma cannot be eliminated, but also creates more karma, the sin will sink deeper and deeper. So to say rejoice in bad karma is to create more karma. Creating more karma is the result of rejoicing in the evil karma of others.
Rejoice evil karma includes all doing all evil. For all bad things, the retribution is very dire, so you should not rejoice in all the sins, or mistakes.
What is rejoicing in evil karma?
Like someone gives you money and offers to do something that destroys someone else's purity of practice, or destroys someone's happy family life. Because of ignorance or greed for money, if you accept to do such bad deeds, then you are a dishonest person, and will definitely receive the results of bad karma.
Again, rejoicing bad karma is doing bad deeds yourself, and then encouraging others to do the same, that's called others rejoicing your bad karma. Other people do bad things, you know, so you also help them with your own strength, that's called you rejoicing other people's karma. Thus, rejoice in karma not only for yourself but also for others, until you rejoice in all the karmic and bad deeds that sentient beings in the Dharma Realm have done with a joyful mind. If you have made this mistake, then the karmic retribution will come to you extremely dire.
Some examples of joy include: You spread false rumors, causing chaos. You spread baseless rumors. You promote, instigate, and teach people to do things that are morally destructive...
If there is a time when people practice good deeds, and rejoice, then mankind will have moments, minutes, days, and hours of happiness and joy, and the flame of struggle is extinguished. Then the evil deeds of rejoicing will cause more and more flames of struggle and hatred, and life will become more and more tragic and chaotic, without a single second, minute, day, or hour is peaceful.
If there is a good time rejoice in good things, joyful things, and happy things. That is, seeing someone who has something good, something happy, you are happy to generate joy as you have done yourself and try to help others to be whole. Or seeing others do good deeds, you are ready to join in helping with boundless joy. Enjoying people's joy, glad to see people's goodness, and not seeing them as different objects. That joy breaks the gap between you and others. Sincere harmony in a happy mind. On the contrary, evil rejoicing is quite different. It means that when you see someone doing evil, violent things, destroying the happiness of other people's families, and destroying pure organizations, you are happy to do as you do and try to encourage others to participate as well as disturbance, and vandalism. Or seeing people doing evil, unethical things, you are ready to join in helping with limitless joy. Rejoice in the suffering of others, glad to see others being harmed or destroyed.
When you generate the mind to do evil, you yourself have aroused anger and delusion and put an end to the good Buddha nature. Seeing people doing bad things, you also feel joyful to help them, then you yourself have aroused jealousy and destroyed Buddha's compassion. The karma of a person who generates anger has ceased to be good, if compared with the karma of a person who encourages evil deeds, rejoices in the evil deeds of others, or praises or encourages others to do evil also ceases to be benevolent. In the case of these types of people who suffer from karmic devastation, they suffer equally.
Evil karma is produced according to your evil mind, and the evildoer's karma also increases the rejoicer's karma. Therefore, the Buddha likened the flame of a torch, even if you bring hundreds or thousands of other torches to the light, that flame will not be reduced. Therefore, those who generate small evil minds will have small karma, those who do great and serious bad karma will have great karma, and those who rejoice will receive the same retribution as those who do evil. That's why the Buddha used to say:
- People who have anger, and delusion, create many evil things, and act as small as a mustard seed, but the karma is as large as Mount Sumeru.
When you see someone doing evil, you rejoice in helping them, which will make that person more eager to destroy. But the more they like to do destructive things, the more suffering the people around them will experience. As one who rejoices in evil, you sink deeper into sin and karma in the present and in the future. That is not to mention the overlapping part of your personal karma. For it is when you rejoice in his evil deeds that he certainly has good feelings for you. You have done the same karma as them, so they love you, that is the act of helping each other go to hell. The job does not consume much property and energy but gives you such terrible karma, so you should stay away.
Friends do bad things, and you rejoice with them is a terrible thing. Although it is sincere, sharing joy with each other and friendship is attached every day, the connection between you and the bad person is getting tighter each time because you and the other person are already in harmony in the mind of joy in each other's joy. The boundaries between individual and private property are erased. But life with such evil causes more injustice and karma for you.
Evil actions, through which is an attitude of contempt for high moral people, great people, business people, and good people in society. Because of this evil attitude, your life becomes difficult and miserable. If you don't change this mindset and attitude, your life will hardly be successful at anything. It should be known that sin is also caused by joy, approval, and praise, when seeing others do bad things or evil deeds.
Sins are unwholesome things, evil things that you speak, do think yourself, cause yourself, you create by your own body, mouth, and mind. Sin is also caused by commanding, instigating, instructing, showing ways for others to do, and performing unwholesome and evil deeds. So in the Penitentiary Rite, there is a passage that says:
-- If you do it yourself, if you teach others to do it, or if you see someone else doing it and you rejoice, then sin and karmic retribution are the same.
Why so? Because you do it yourself, instruct others to do it, or see others do it and enjoy it, bad things in your mind will be disturbed and will be tarnished, and all suffer the same retribution and reincarnation
Buddhism always focuses on the mind, which is the real form, which is not born, does not die, does not stain, is impure, does not increase, does not decrease, but does not pay attention to the fake appearance, the external difference of each person. That different false appearance is just the body of seven great births and deaths, today it is there but tomorrow it is gone, you are borrowing it temporarily, in this life only. Therefore, when reading the Buddhist scriptures, if you want to understand the Dharma of immeasurable meaning, the unsurpassed, profound, and wonderful Dharma, you should learn through the prism of one word, which is the word: Mind.
Whoever can deal with the illness of the mind, the sick body has nothing to say. This temporary body of seven greats has a lifespan of only a hundred years or a little more. Meanwhile, the unborn mind of all of you has an immeasurable lifespan that the Buddha pointed out in the sutras, but few people understand!
You should know whether the sin is heavy or light depending on your mood, mind, and nature when creating. For example, a poor person who goes fishing to eat through the day is less guilty than a rich, full-fledged person who goes fishing for pleasure. Because of ignorance, people feel joy in the lives of sentient beings! In the past, powerful people considered killing people or killing prisoners as fun for entertainment. Nowadays, in so-called civilized countries, people see hunting animals as a sport, and bullfighting and killing bulls as entertainment!
It's pitiful! You are enjoying blessings in civilized countries, and trying to create karma because of ignorance. You kill a wild animal in self-defense in a fearful situation, a lesser crime than a child holding a tree or a whip, competing with other children, beating a chicken, shedding its feathers, bleeding profusely apron, to death as quickly as possible, to receive a reward, to receive a prize, in a competition organized by adults!
Of course, you intentionally kill people for personal vengeance, for self-interest, of course, it is more sinful than murder in madness, fear, or unconsciousness. You kill large animals such as cattle, more serious crime than killing insects, cockroaches, and ants. Killing people, killing big animals, of course, you have to be intentional, use your mind, and use more effort, so the crime is more serious. Killing insects, cockroaches, and ants is not intentional, not fun, because humans cannot live with these creatures, according to the general hygiene of society, so it is less sinful. However, finding and killing cockroaches and ants for no reason in the field or in the street is a different story.
So is theft. People who steal because of poverty, have to help their families through poverty because, for the time being, there is no other way. A lesser crime than a person who intentionally uses tricks uses the law to appropriate property, steals the rights of others, and sues others for the purpose of making money because you want to make your life happy. get rich quickly, even though others are suffering from bankruptcy!
Lying to comfort and help people who are sick, who are suffering, in crisis, and in fear, cannot be compared with lying to deceive others for selfishness, or self-interest, because of hatred against people.
It is worse because of inferiority, self-interest, vain honor, one-sided justice, superstition, for extremes. So there are people who put slander to harm others, praise themselves, and criticize others, those people are certainly not immune to the law of cause and effect. Not escaping from the net of the sky, though sparse but not falling, although not seen, but never missed anyone! In Buddhism, that net in the sky is the retribution you have to receive, for the things you have done, said, and thought before.
A compliment in Buddhism is called praise or rejoicing. Rejoice of evil karma in Buddhism is called blasphemy, also known as Obstruction of the Holy Path. Why?
Praise and rejoice according to the good deeds of others, you will be blessed and increase your blessings, sow predestined with good karma. On the other hand, if you praise other people's evil deeds, you yourself will be harmed, linked with bad karma, away from the Buddha Way, and obstructed in your practice.
Thus, in Samantabhadra Bodhisattva's Ten Great Vows, the fifth vow is that it is easy to practice by rejoicing in merit, taking the merits of others as your own. This is the gentle and leisurely Dharma practice. For the good works of people, if you do not rejoice, on the contrary, if you criticize, you will lose your blessing. Meanwhile, rejoice means to rejoice, your blessings will increase... But rejoice in evildoers, the opposite result. Therefore, rejoicing in merit includes doing all good and all evil. All good merits, as well as all karmic retribution.
The Dharma of joy is the Dharma that rejoices with your own body, mouth, and mind, praising the good deeds of others, and creating your own mind to do things that make others rejoice. This is the deed of the dharma of rejoicing. This dharma is the most difficult of all the virtues of the dharma of rejoicing. That's why the ancient virtues once taught:
- People who praise or criticize must know, what to praise and what to criticize.
For example, if you have done it yourself, see others do the same but do not do enough, do not do it right, do not fully concentrate, and do not achieve, you should criticize. Criticize in your mind that you care and help, criticize in your mind that you want to help the other person accomplish what they do, wholeheartedly just draw the other person to know where they have not been so that they can learn from experience to make it better. Criticizing like that is called you know how to criticize.
If you know how to criticize like that, you should make a vow. In Luong Hoang Sam teaches:
- Disciple's name is... from now on, I vow for eternity, and everywhere, if there are sentient beings who hear my voice, their minds will be at peace, their sins will be eliminated, and they will attain mantra, liberated samadhi, full of great patience, and infinite eloquence entered the land of clouds and dharmas and attained Perfect Enlightenment.
You don't know how to criticize because you haven't done it, you don't understand the work, and when you hear others criticize, you criticize it. Or you can't do it, see yourself as inferior to other people, and generate jealousy, envy, and baseless criticism, so you blame others for being sad and resentful. Criticize like that, you don't know how to criticize.
Criticizing others is the karma of the mouth, which causes many very serious sins. In Thuy Sam teaches you to repent:
- Again, from beginningless time until now, because of the karma of talking and weaving, has created countless sins. Using sweet words, glossy literature, distorting mistakes, doing wrong things... or out of self-hatred, writing false statements to accuse the enemy, making future people believe that it's true... The immeasurable and boundless sins caused by weaving like that. Today, I sincerely ask for repentance.
You know that praise is because you have done good deeds yourself, but have not accomplished them, because your predestined conditions are not enough, your merit is not great enough, or your education is not profound enough. Now that you see that other people can accomplish those things, you generate reverence and joy, learn from, respect, and praise that person's work, making them happy and excited, and continue to do better than what has been done. Such praise is called you know praise.
If you know such praise, then Luong Hoang Sam teaches you to make a vow:
- Disciple's name... from now on, vowing for eternity, with the same everywhere, for all sentient beings the mind is always equal as space, praise, and criticism are not moved. Enemies and relatives are all the same, develop a broad mind, learn the wisdom of the Buddhas, get rid of the mind of attachment to yes, let go of the mind of clinging to emptiness, and often follow the middle path...
You don't know how to praise because you haven't done it, you don't understand it yourself, complimenting others for your own benefit, flattering others to praise, harming others to praise, and the tendency to praise wrong views. Regardless of whether the actions of the person you praise are right or wrong, good or bad. Just for your own purposes should praise, making people not know the truth of what they do is right or wrong. Sometimes just because of your praise, leading them to do wrong things themselves without knowing how to do it all the time, causing endless consequences, you praise like that is a person who does not know how to praise.
Praise and criticism are the karma of the tongue, this karma causes many very serious sins, in the Thuy Sam Sutra it is taught you to repent:
- Again, from beginningless time up to now, because of the double-tongued karma that causes many sins; Praise in front, criticism behind, deceitful hundred ways, to another person to talk to this person, to one person to talk to another, only knowing my benefit, not looking at harm to others. The detractors to separate the king and the gods slandered and humiliated honest people so that the king and the officials were suspicious of each other. Father and son have disagreements, let husband and wife separate, relatives are separated from each other, lose gratitude to teachers and students, cut off the way back and forth to friends... Double-tongued karma causes such immeasurable and boundless sins. Now, I sincerely turn to the Buddhas, Dharma, and Saints of monks in the ten directions, all of whom are asking for forgiveness. Here, let me tell you a story. Storytelling:
When the Buddha was in Savatthi, with the monks going for alms, to the house of the bourgeois Du Ca, his dog kept barking, at that time the Buddha said:
- You don't know me, but I know you!
Hearing this, the dog went inside and lay still without eating or drinking. Seeing this, bourgeois Du Ca went to the Buddha, bowed at the Buddha's feet, and in front of the World-Honored One spoke gentle and sympathetic words, praising the Tathagata. Saying this, then stood aside, and said to the Buddha:
- Dear World Honored One! For what reason did you come to my house?
The Buddha told the bourgeois Du Ca:
- When it was time to eat, I put on my robe and took my bowl into the city of Savat, the order of begging, and when I got to your house, I stood at the door. At that time, the dog Shangku was standing in front of the door, slowly eating the food from the copper bowl. The dog, seeing me standing at the door, barked, I said:
- Hey, dear dog, because you are not enlightened, why did you bark when you saw me?
When the dog Shangku heard this, he immediately got angry and went to another place.
At that time the bourgeois Du Ca said to the Blessed One:
"This dog Shangku does not know what it was like in his previous life, so I bowed to the Buddha to speak that to me.
Buddha said:
- Come on, don't ask about this. If you hear this, you will become more and more delusional, can't stand it.
The bourgeois Du Ca three times invoked the Buddha thus:
- I hope the Buddha explains this to me, I really want to hear it.
At that time, the World-Honored One said to the bourgeois Du Ca:
- Now, listen carefully and remember to think, I will distinguish and explain to you. That dog is the body of Dau Ne Da, your father. In his past life, he held onto this body. No-self persists in thinking that it is self, is greedy, jealous, refuses to give alms, is greedy for money, and does not believe in the Three Jewels. Not only did he himself do evil deeds, but he also often rejoiced and praised the evil deeds of others, so he had to fall into the realm of animals. Now, this Shangku dog is the father of the bourgeois
Bourgeois Du Ca told the World-Honored One:
- My father is Dau Ne Da when he was alive, he often gave alms and worshiped heaven and earth, and ghosts. So the father and son's body must be born in Brahma heaven, and enjoy wealth and happiness, why did he fall into the animal kingdom? This is hard to believe!
The Buddha told Bourgeois Du Ca:
- Your father is Dau Ne Da, because of discrimination, he persists in mistakes, does not practice joy and equanimity, and does not believe in the Three Jewels. He does bad things and encourages others to do unscrupulous things, because of that cause and condition he has to fall into the dog breed.
The Buddha said again:
- Now, I said that I'm afraid you won't believe it, so you go back home and ask Shangku dog and you will know.
Then Bourgeois Du Ca greeted the Buddha and returned home. At home, Bourgeois Du Ca said to the dog:
- Hey Shangku! If you really are my father, whose name is Dau Ne Da then hey dog, sit on the throne of agarwood!
Bourgeois Du Ca spoke again.
- Hey Shangku! If you are really my father named Dau Ne Da then come to the bronze tray and eat this meat!
After Shangku finished eating, Bourgeois Du Ca said:
- If you really are my father, whose name is Dau Ne Da, then how do you show the weirdness?
Then Shangku the dog, having heard this, got up from his seat, went to his place, sniffed the ground under the throne of agarwood with his nose, and then with his paws he pulled out a jar, inside which was filled with a pot of gold, trays made of gold, and others. When Bourgeois Du Ca saw these rare jewels, he was happy and loved these hidden things. At that time Bourgeois Du Ca went out of Savatthi, went to the Buddha, and took refuge in the Buddha.
Through the above story, you see, because of this false perception of clinging to the body, non-self grasping is the self, being greedy, jealous, not willing to give alms, greedy for money, and not believing in the Three Jewels. Not only do you do evil yourself, but you also often rejoice and praise the evil deeds of others, so you have to fall into the animal kingdom.
In short, when practicing the practice of rejoicing, you must be very careful in the matter of praise and criticism. Praise and criticism are one of the very difficult Dharma subjects to practice in Buddhism. Rejoice of merit is when you know how to do good work yourself, so how to make other people also have the heart to follow, your work is really good. If you praise or criticize, you have to review yourself, and what is not correct. If that's true, then reconsider whether you know how to praise or not. If you know, you should learn, and if you don't, you have to be happy because of what the other person does but do not have enough conditions to achieve. If so, then you are practicing dharma rejoicing in merit.
At the same time, you must also be aware of the karma of evil, and should not be careless in the matter of praise and criticism to bring karma later. You must know that the karma of evil rejoicing is very serious, so if there is rejoicing, you should practice good rejoicing. That is, doing good things is a way to make people praise without harming their blessings, not receiving karmic retribution, a method of praising the Mahayana Dharma, and a way of praising the Three Jewels. If you know how to praise and criticize, you will never create evil karma of body, speech, and mind. The three karmas are always pure, you without fear of falling into the three evil paths, on the contrary, you still have all the blessings and conditions to cultivate the right results.
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