infatuation, lust, and passion for something. Greed means
selfish greed, petty, doing everything you want to bring
back to yourself, even if you have the excess to let it rot,
but dare not bring it out to help anyone. When greed makes
you think, speak, and act in a tyrannical way, how do
plunder a lot for you or your family. You just want to get
for yourself what belongs to others.
manifests in appropriation from small things to big things,
from simple things to complex things, and much more subtle.
It will make your greed never stop and create bad karma,
fall into the cycle of karma and death, but you still don't
realize you are greedy and how greedy you are?
Of the three
poisons, greed is the top poison that the Buddha advises you
to stop. Greed has many different meanings and degrees. It's
not like a person who doesn't steal or steal from anyone is
not greedy and thinks you're a good person. Greed is divided
into many types such as Favorite, like, desire, desire for
sin, greed, excessive greed, and greed are bottomless.
is Rati, and the Vietnamese translation is Ua, which means
that when you see something or hear a pleasing sound, you
like that object or that sound. This kind of favorite is
found in the hearts of everyone, from the rich to the poor.
But that favorite is not called greed, not called evil.
Iccha in Sanskrit, and in Vietnamese, it means like. It
means that if you want to get something you already like,
you pray for it. This desire is not evil, not contrary to
morality, or the law of the world, because the mind is still
good, such as: If you want to study well or work a lot to
get money, diligently make money by right living and right
Karma. This kind of liking is not called greed, because it
has not yet caused sin.
it is Mahiccha, in Vietnamese it is desire. This stage is
the beginning of sin if you do not use wisdom to restrain or
eliminate it as soon as it arises. But this is not
necessarily considered illegal. It only reduces your noble
character, because when you want to, often do unsightly and
impolite things. You can see that person in many situations
such as during meals, when the person who desires to see a
dish that is delicious and suitable for him, then eats and
eats without thinking about the people around him. That
reduces the dignity of a person.
people only know how to benefit themselves, not thinking
about anyone, but they also do not harm anyone. This is the
beginning of greed, if the person doesn't know how to keep
himself or fix himself, he will easily become greedy
is Pàpiccha, Vietnamese translated as sinful desire or
deeply despicable desire. Those who have greed come to this
stage, they no longer know sin and breaking the law.
mind reaches this deep, despicable desire, it will no longer
think about the praise and contempt of the world. When you
have that mind, you only know how to follow your
aspirations, and no longer be afraid of anything. Although
doing so is innocent according to the law, it is still
criticized and despised by people.
is Lobha, Vietnamese translated as Greed, is a strong desire
in the heart and wants to appropriate other people's
property, or compulsorily do something to satisfy greed ...
That means you use any means It's okay to get what you like.
These avid people have no regard for the law and are not
afraid of samsara's retribution.
evil dharma, an affliction, the source of making your mind
dirty and sinful; and also because of its reincarnation.
Greed to this stage is the embodiment of evil.
person at this stage is someone who wants to get others by
all means, but except robbing and killing people. This greed
also distinguishes between relatives, parents, and people
with grace. That is, although greedy, do not take from the
word is Abhijhà, the Vietnamese translation is excessive
greed; This excessive greed can cause people to commit
no longer distinguishes who it belongs to, but does not dare
to take it from parents.
7. Greed is
word is Abhijhàvisamalobha, the Vietnamese translation is
Bottomless Greed, which means that greed has reached the
extreme, there is nothing higher. This greed makes you dark,
no longer see right and wrong, dare to kill people, rob,
appropriate to satisfy greed. Human greed to this extent,
there is no way to stop it.
This greed no longer thinks of belonging to anyone, even
though it belongs to parents and relatives.
As you all know, there are few people in this life who
don't have desires. To have life is to have the desire,
but wanting more or less depends on each person's
Everyone is greedy, but each person's expression of greed
is different. For example, when some people fall into
difficult circumstances, although they were virtuous
before, they have to steal for survival. The story of a
girl in Taiwan who often steals food from the supermarket.
After watching the security camera, they found her and
they arrested her. She was then given a suspended sentence
and banned from leaving the area. She returned home, and
after three months, the police and people did not see her
leave the apartment where she lived. In the end, they
broke the window to get in and discovered that she had
died of starvation.
Speaking of greed in seriousness, there is some greed that
manifests into a very barbaric act. In Vietnam before,
there were robberies, because of a cell phone that the
thief ruthlessly cut off someone's arm, causing the whole
community to condemn. Greed to this extent is very
dangerous because it brings suffering and pain to others.
Please define: If any of your possessions are derived from
the suffering of others, it is also considered
Besides those who are greedy because of habit, there are
also people who are often greedy for petty things, in
fact, they do not fall into poverty and deprivation, but
because they cannot control their greed enough, they
always want to collect everything for themselves. Or rich
people, businesses trying to cheat people, cheat other
people's contributions, undercut wages in this way or
Those who calculate little by little, compare, and haggle
with the poor are also ways of expressing greed. So in
everyday life, you should re-evaluate yourself in each
- What needs to be opened, should be open, what needs to
be released, let go, what should be forgiven, forgive,
what needs to be calculated, calculate
Since humans don't see the danger of greed, the more you
desire, the more it will lead to suffering. This greed
manifests itself in various forms, for example.
- Some people, because of greed, have no conscience, eat
bribes, eat away at other people's wealth, sweat, and
- Some people are passionate about gambling and betting
because of greed to get rich and have property. In the
end, the wealth was invisible but received a tragic result
that was the family's bankruptcy, the property was no
longer available, the house was confiscated...
- Some people buy lottery tickets because of greed,
numbering to ask for the jackpot to get a lot of money,
and the result is empty-handed, broken houses, piled up
- Some people first want a bicycle because of greed, when
they have a bicycle, then they want a motorbike, when they
have a motorbike, they want a car... So, Such greed has no
limits. People who are greedy, attentive, and stalk what
they like such as Money, beauty, fame, food,
accommodation, and how to have enough means in all
greed abound in everyday life:
- People try
to build a career because of greed, when they have a lot of
property, they worry about stealing. There are rich people
who have money but keep it safe, live selfishly with
workers, are stingy not dare to give alms, when they lose
their possessions, they beat their chests and cry, lose food
- There are
people who are rich in wealth but still glean to save, dare
not eat, dare not wear.
is also because of ambition and excessive greed that people
fight, tear, rob, and kill each other, causing pain and
grief for many people. Greed is a kind of affliction, which
is not only harmful to you in the present, but also harmful
to you in the future, and affects many other people as well.
is like a bottomless well that never gets bored, knows
enough, knows how to stop. People with high positions of
authority take advantage of their power and oppress and
exploit the underlings. People without power seek to rob and
defraud others. The suffering and disadvantaged part is poor
There are many families whose parents have just died, then
in the family, siblings have competed to share the
inheritance, and compete with each other over items from
all the land. When they are not satisfied with each other,
they curse at each other, then go to court to win for
themselves. Brothers and sisters are still like that,
neighbors, how can they love and help each other with
human love in life.
Due to greed, conflicts often arise. Like family disputes,
husband and wife dispute, father and son dispute, mother
and child dispute, brothers dispute, sisters dispute,
friends dispute... People are for material and money
needs. , property that pursues meager greed, selfishness
for himself. Therefore, family conflicts and loss of
happiness also occur from here. The reason is also because
of greed, so they no longer love and care for each other,
but often quarrel and conflict with each other.
desires mentioned above will lead you to an end of
suffering, even though the desire for riches, created in any
form, will bring damage and danger to the body yourself,
your loved ones, and the whole society. All kinds of desires
are karmic actions of evil dharmas, of akusala which are
expressed in your own body, speech, and mental actions.
Because mental action often thinks about wanting to be
richer than others, body and speech must act to harm you,
harm others and harm sentient beings.
worldly people, the core of greed lies in the five human
- Food and
desire for one of these things is higher than usual, you
will develop greed which is shown in your actions and words.
- Greed is
like wild grass that damages the fields, similarly greed
damages the land mind of a monk.
leads to ambition and from there they plot and plan, to find
what you like no matter who it hurts, so the proverb has a
- The other
sea is easy to install, and the greed bag is difficult to
you, then for your family, for your relatives and close
relatives. Ambition originates from the mind of excessive
desire, so it leads you in the direction of suffering
because if you get it, you have to be afraid of loss, if you
don't, you will suffer.
Buddha's teaching about greed affirms that greed is not
human nature, because:
people are born, they are all honest people.
born as pure as a white paper, with a pure and kind heart.
over the years, through the changing life situations that
each person encounters. If people do not know how to control
their greed, greed will continue to grow, and then greed
will lead the way to wrong actions. So Buddha said:
greater the greed, the more virtue is dissipated.
greed often goes hand in hand with evil, when you have
greed, you always want to take other people's possessions
and what you want, so you have the mind to do evil to
according to the Ten Good Karma Sutras, those who do not
desire will achieve the following good things:
karmas of body, speech, and mind are free,
- Wealth is
blessings and good things will come to you even though you
don't wish for it.
also taught that do not to generate greed and hatred, and do
not to let sin drag you into suffering.
- In the
Sutra Buddha also taught that:
- Human greed has no limits.
example, when you have had enough to eat and wear warm,
then you need to eat well is to dress beautifully, then
the need to be respected by society, the need to express
yourself. The higher the demand, the greater the greed
In many sutras, the Buddha also taught that the more
greed, the greater the retribution. The law of cause and
effect of greed is often paid in this life, through many
examples in life that you still see every day in
newspapers and television stations.
who are corrupt and steal are imprisoned, gamblers are
poor, greedy for high positions and finally get nothing,
families are discord, society does not forgive.
Here, you have a better understanding of greed and its
destructive level, from here you look at yourself, know
how to adjust for yourself, and at the same time find ways
to educate future generations, so as not to be deceived
greed leads them on the wrong path and loses their moral
values. In this way, you warn people. Those who always run
after greed, do not know how to avoid it, will be in
danger themselves. That's why the Buddha often used the
image of gold, silver, treasure, and property like a
poisonous snake that will bite you to death at any time.
Human greed is like a bag without a bottom, a bag without
a bottom, no matter how much precious gold and silver you
hold, it can't be full. That's why people always run after
sensual pleasures to enjoy, never stop. Like a moth, when
it sees a light, it comes to it without knowing how much
danger it will be in. It also cannot know that when it
rushes into the light bulb, it will be instantly burned to
Buddhism is forever a very basic foundation for a happy,
stable life at all times. The Buddha's teachings on how to
live well have always helped people to restrain their
excessive desire for all needs. A person studying Buddhism
will know morality, cause and effect, and guilt. Moral
education will limit excessive greed, without excessive
greed people will create fewer crimes. Especially true
Buddhists must know how to create a clean life for
themselves, as long as they have enough food, clothing,
and drink to cultivate spiritual ethics. Knowing how to
give rice and clothes, eat less, and wear fewer clothes to
help the unfortunate in spirit: Although the material is
little, the heart is much.
Thus, in the five ethical principles of lay Buddhists, the
precept not to steal is the Buddha's only way to prevent
you from unlawfully desiring. That is, a Buddhist who is
not greedy, is not greedy, is a good person, because you
are only in relative goodness, not absolute. Therefore, a
person who wants to limit the domination of greed as well
as educate the next generation not to fall into excessive
greed. To do this, you need to apply methods such as:
The first is education on Ethics: Causality, Crime: To
limit your greed.
The second is to encourage others to live to know how to
give and share alms: A person who lives for others is less
likely to commit fraud and lies to illegally possess other
Third, a person who has the perception of knowing enough
to live will reduce the dominating activities of Greed.
Therefore, the Buddha taught that those who give
up greed will be liberated. There is no more suffering
because the cause is not greedy, the result is not
suffering. When people know that greed is the cause that
leads to suffering, then stop and give up this greed, then
peaceful and happy results will appear immediately. The
Buddha's teaching is very practical:
- Desires for pleasure are few, sufferings are many,
afflictions are greater, and dangers are greater.
This is a statement that summarizes the Buddha's
experience of the truth of life's suffering, often used by
him to advise monastic disciples as well as lay disciples
to control their sensory desires and live a Satisfied
lifestyle that is no longer affected by sensual motives.
This will facilitate the practice toward complete
liberation from all attachments to suffering.
Everyone should learn the virtue of wanting
less, knowing enough, and not being greedy for much. Thus,
even if you are poor and needy, you still feel enough, and
do not complain, so you don't need to ask God to support
you to be rich. As for the rich, they should also learn
how to be less willing, to know enough, not to indulge in
luxury, to spend squanderingly, to waste wealth...
The unhappiness, suffering, or happiness, richness or
poverty, hunger or abundance, beauty or ugliness, etc. All
are due to the karma that you have created. It is not
because of a god or a supreme being that blesses or causes
harm to anyone, but you are the owner of the misfortunes
The Buddha taught that people who want to be rich must
give up greed, selfishness, stinginess, and miserliness.
Then you will enjoy wealth and prosperity. But when you
are blessed with riches, don't be proud of that blessing.
Because that wealth is conditioned and impermanent, so
don't cling to it, but learn to let go and stay away from
the traps of sensual pleasures so that your body and mind
are always at peace and peaceful. This is the unscrupulous
blessing of no longer having to drift in the sea of
birth and death.
Happiness is available in everyone's heart, no need to
roll back and forth, no need to compete for greed and
appropriation. Find your mind, give up desires, lusts,
fame and profit, gain and loss, win or lose, then you will
find your own treasure. Buddha-nature appears, like golden
light at that time, you will have true happiness.
The first step back to your mind, back to your good
nature, is to gradually reduce desires. You must know,
that it is because of greed that you have to run around,
side with, and flatter those who are able to bring you up.
If you ask for it, then you will ask for more. If you
don't get it, you'll have to suffer. Fame is delicious
food, so if you want it, others will also want it. If you
hold it in your hand, someone else will find a way to
remove it. Therefore, the ancients said:
- The higher the fame, the more hardships.
There are very few people who sit on the chair of fame and
have a secure life for the rest of their lives. But
because of the glamor of fame and attraction, people keep
their eyes on it endlessly. Chasing fame, like children
chasing a ball, only ends up getting tired. Only a wise
person who knows how to stop will be safe.
Today, when people attach importance to material life,
their joy and happiness are all based on material things,
taking material things as a measure of success and failure
in a person's life. So, more and more people, in pursuit
of this money dream, have to lose their joy, and
happiness, and then finally lose themselves.
There are times when people gain and sometimes they have
to lose, when they are happy, they will be sad, if they
are greedy, they will have anger and hatred. When you
greedily pursue material things more than you need, that's
when you step into the boat called suffering, drifting
aimlessly on the bustling river of life. The moral is that
it seems simple, but it is not simple. Human life changes
like the four seasons spring, summer, autumn, and winter,
you come from dust and then return to dust.
This world is considered an inn. You come empty-handed and
come back empty-handed. Therefore, let go of greed, take
pleasure in enough, use depending on conditions as a
reason to live, cultivate the mind to nurture nature, and
keep the body and mind pure for a lifetime of peace. The
Blessed One gave advice:
- If you have a greedy mind, you must cultivate your mind
right away, practice less desire, and know enough.
People who have little desire and know enough have a very
simple, noble, and secure life, because they know enough
about what they already have. Gradually let go of greed to
As a human, everyone is willing to be greedy. A person
with greed is like a person who keeps a poisonous snake.
If you are not careful every minute, you will be bitten by
a poisonous snake. In today's life, you compete, find a
livelihood, earn money, fame, and desire love. That greed
incites the mind to make you feel miserable, not satisfied
with what you have.
When you are too greedy, you will become blind, do not
know the limit, ready to give up what you have to expect
to possess more valuable things. Blind greed sometimes
costs you dearly, then you realize that those precious
things are always right next to you, not looking far away.
Greed creates the basic condition for dissatisfaction
because no matter how much you have, you are always
looking for more, better. Your present society has
exploited this greed and dissatisfaction, that's why you
always hear that last year's fashions are outdated, last
year's items are out of date. Just like that, you have to
follow the new trend, try to buy what is considered newer,
better just because you see someone else has already, then
you must have those things like the other person. But then
they will also become old or damaged over time. This can
cause you to always be unstable.
Contrary to desire, if you say to yourself:
- What I have right now is already very good.
Then your heart will be at peace. This does not mean that
you will never buy new items, or that society does not
need to improve in terms of technology and techniques. If
you have a need for something or a new type of item that
is more efficient, there is nothing wrong with shopping,
as long as you have enough money to buy it. But whether
you can shop or not, your heart is still at peace, with
the above thought, you will always be satisfied with what
Desire is itself a painful, sick mind. Because of desire,
the mind gives rise to illusions, so you cannot realize
that there is another kind of happiness, true happiness.
If at times greed leads you to pain and sorrow, the peace
that you have experienced by giving up desire will lead
you to Nirvana, the state of being free of afflictions.
This peace, the absence of desire, allows you to fully
develop the spiritual life to achieve Enlightenment. You
can experience this peace forever. Immediately you free
yourself from the attachment of thoughts about worldly
dharmas, from covetousness, and you begin to develop peace
in your mind.
In short, as long as you still want more, you will never
be satisfied, no matter how much you already have. On the
contrary, if you are satisfied with what you have, you can
still work to improve your material life, but you will
always be at peace in your heart.
Instead of enjoying with selfish greed, you will use these
things with the desire to improve yourself so that you can
love and be more helpful to others. You can enjoy food,
clothes, houses, and more, but with a different motive
than before. This way you will be at peace and free from
worries and uncertainties.
Abandoning greed does not make you lose your motivation to
live and become indifferent to life. At first glance, it
may seem so, simply because you are so used to craving.
However, there are many other life trends that can
motivate you to live. Such as genuine concern for others.
The wish to bring happiness and joy to others is
loving-kindness, and to save others from all suffering is
compassion. These two minds can be very powerful
motivators in your life. So, letting go of greed opens the
door to honest communication with others, to love and
Have you seen anyone in this world who can make someone
happy? Not yet! True happiness depends on you, no one
gives it to you. Happiness comes from letting go of greed,
from patient silence, from love, from peace, and from the
faith you have.